Goldsmith, Sir James (1933 - 97)

Goldsmith, Sir James (Photo: Horgen)

An Anglo-French billionaire who supported a Euro-critical list in France in 1994 and established the "Europe of Nations" group in the European Parliament.

Established the "British Referendum Party" to take part in the 1997 UK elections. Received few votes, but succeeded in obtaining promises from the other parties to have a referendum before Britain could join the single European currency.

In 1999 the United Kingdom Independence Party had three MEPs elected to the EU Parliament, they increased to 12 members in 2004 and 24 in 2014.

In 2009 Declan Ganley established the Libertas movement on a similar critical program calling for referendums in all member states on the Lisbon Treaty or other constitutional treaties.