A region is a part of a country.
Some federalists speak of a “Europe of the Regions”. Talk of a “Europe of the Regions” partly reflects the desire to reduce the powers and functions of nation states by shifting governmental powers.
Powers would be transferred upwards to the supra-national EU level and downwards to sub-regions within each national territory, or even to natural geographical or historical regions which do not match present nation-state borders. Such a Europe would bear some similarity to the Europe of many political units that existed in former times.
- The EU has a Committee of Regions, although this is a consultative body only.
- The EU’s regional policy is managed by a separate directorate, known as DG Regions, that advises on relevant issues.
- Some Regionalist parties are represented in the EU Parliament and belong to their own transnational party, European Free Alliance, EFA. In the European Parliament, they sit with the Greens.