de Gaulle, Charles (1890 - 1970)
De Gaulle, Charles (1890 - 1970)
French President who enforced the Luxembourg compromise. De Gaulle described the EU Commission as "bureaucrats without a fatherland".
De Gaulle wanted a system where governments cooperated whilst remaining separate, a "Europe of Nations" or “Europe of Fatherlands”, not for nations to merge in a supra-national integration. He was a champion of national sovereignty and democracy at the national level. He was the leader of French resistance to Nazism and fascism during World War 2.