Cassis de Dijon case

Court of Justice (Photo: Court of Justice)

Important EU Court case inventing mutual recognition of standards.

EC Court verdict from 1979 stating that, as a general rule, products in one EU country are also legal in other EU countries (case 120/78).

The verdict forced the member states to agree on common standards to which they would otherwise not have agreed.

Cassis is a French liqueur with an alcohol level of 16%. Germany would not allow it to be sold as “liqueur” under German law, which states that the minimum percentage of alcohol should be 25%. 

The verdict paved the way for decisions by qualified majority under the so-called Internal Market, introduced by the Single European Act in 1987.

See also Harmonisation and Environmental clause