Bosnia-Herzegovina has a population of 3.483 million and covers an area of 51,200 km2.
The Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) was adopted in 1999 and might lead to a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA). The Feira European Council stated in 2000 that all the countries covered by the SAP are potential candidates for EU membership.
The Copenhagen Summit in December 2002 decided that the EU should take over the Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina from the United Nations from 1 January 2003.
- One of the five countries that were part of the former Yugoslavia. Independent since 1992.
- In January 2003, Bosnia-Herzegovina was invited by the Greek Presidency and the EU Commission to apply for EU membership.
- At the Thessaloniki Summit in June 2003, EU leaders were unequivocal that all Western Balkan countries will eventually join the EU.